Meet General Ulji Mundeok
  King Gwanggaeto, The Great
  General Ulji, Mundeok
  Yeon, Gaesomun
  Koguryo Army

  General Ulji, Mundeok  

  General Ulji Mundeok
pic) General Ulji, Mundeok

Emperor Yang of the seventh century Sui Dynasty sent one million troops, 305,000 of which were elite soldiers to attack Koguryo. When they arrived at the Yalu, General Uljimundeok went to the Chinese camp to assess the situation. There were discussions among the Chinese, who spotted him, as to whether they should take him prisoner, but he escaped. The general who saw the dismal condition of the troops advised them to go home, but the Chinese attacked and were decimated at the Chungchon River, north of present day Pyongyang. A history book praised the general, noting that only 2,700 Chinese returned home.

[Source: Chosun Ilbo]

Koguryo maintained a standing army of about 50,000 men that would grow to more than 300,000 men in times of war. General Ulchi Mundok ( ) commanded an army of 300,000. Unlike most armies of the era in which soldiers were jack-of-all-trades, the Koguryo army was made of specialists: archers, crossbow-men, spear-man, catapult operators, horsemen, wall-climbers, and so on.

In 612 AD, a Su army of over one million men (about 1,113,800) invaded Koguryo. Genral Unchi Mundok deployed his outnumbered men along the southern bank of the Yalu river. He 'surrendered' to the enemy in order to spy on the enemy strength. After learning that the Su soldiers were tired and demoralized, the general escaped across the Yalu.

He feigned defeat after defeat in order to lure the enemy deep in the friendly territory to tire them and stretch the enemy supply lines. The enemy took the bait and came within 30 ri from Pyongyang. The enemy chief, Wu Jung-mu realized the futility of going any further and ordered his army to turn back and go home. This was exactly what General Ulchi Mundok expected and the Koguryo forces fell on the retreating Sue troops, inflicting heavy casualties.

[Source: KimSoft]


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